|LSD: God's Gift to Humanity
(For Free & Legal Distribution)
|If enough people took LSD we would have peace, no money (or poverty), laws,
international boundary-lines. People would refuse to work at bogus jobs buy, for and
because of the almighty Devil Dollar.
The federal government cracked down on manufacturers by tracing precursor
chemicals. There are rumors that North Korea is supplying LSD. I'd like to convince
Libya's populist leader, Muammar Gadaffi, into manufacturing LSD for free and legal
distribution. Gadaffi also believes in eliminating money. (A powerful, mind-expanding,
prioritizing, civilizing dose could be manufactured for about the same price as aspirin.)
|I have been born again [after using LSD]. — Cary Grant
LSD Creates Non-Conformists
Storming Heaven: LSD and the American Dream, Jay Stevens, 1987
|The real reason LSD needed to be illegal wasn’t because it was making a tiny percentage of its users crazy, but because
of what it was doing to the vast majority. ... LSD wasn’t attracting nonconformists so much as it was creating them.
One couldn't, for example, after a serious immersion in LSD, go back to the 9-to-5 world of sales managers and upward
mobility. Better to work for yourself, doing something simple and useful, which was why so many hippies became
entrepreneurs, farmers, craftspeople. For most, the psychedelic experience dealt a serious blow to their desire for power,
and all those buttresses to the power urge that go by the name ambition. Suddenly they had nothing to motivate them,
particularly when they backed away from the rigors of the ancient pursuit of Mammon.
|Tune in, Turn On, Drop Out. — Dr. Timothy Leary
‘LSD an Aphrodisiac’ — Dr. Says
Storming Heaven: LSD and the American Dream, Jay Stevens, 1987
|Psychedelics : Religion :: Telescopes : Astronomy — Dr. Timothy Leary
Bill Gates & LSD
PLAYBOY (December 1994): Ever take LSD?
GATES: My errant youth ended a long time ago.
PLAYBOY: What does that mean?
GATES: That means there were things I did under the age of 25 that I ended up not doing subsequently.
PLAYBOY: One LSD story involved you staring at a table and thinking the corner was going to plunge into your eye.
PLAYBOY: Ah, a glimmer of recognition.
GATES: That was on the other side of that boundary. The young mind can deal with certain kinds of gooping [groping?]
around that I don't think at this age I could. I don't think you're as capable of handling lack of sleep or whatever
challenges you throw at your body as you get older. However, I never missed a day of work.
|Before LSD became illegal, Beverly Hills psychiatrists gave LSD to Cary Grant, James Coburn, Jack
Nicholson, Novelist Anais Nin and filmmaker Stanley Kubrick.
|A Brave New World Revisited
By Aldux Huxley (1958)
In The Brave New World (1931) of my fable there was no whisky, no tobacco, no illicit heroin, no bootlegged cocaine.
People neither smoked, nor drank, not sniffed, nor gave themselves injections. Whenever anyone felt depressed or
below par, he would swallow a tablet or two of a chemical compound called soma. The original soma, from which I took
the name of this hypothetical drug, was an unknown plant (possibly Asclepias acida) used by the ancient Aryan
invaders of India in one of the most solemn of their religious rites. The intoxicating juice expressed from the stems of
this plant was drunk by the priests and nobles in the course of an elaborate ceremony. In the Vedic hymns we are told
that the drinkers of soma were blessed in many ways. Their bodies were strengthened, their hearts were filled with
courage, joy and enthusiasm, their minds were enlightened and in an immediate experience of eternal life they received
the assurance of their immortality. …
In LSD-25 the pharmacologists have recently created another aspect of some – a perception-improver and vision-
producer that is, physiologically speaking, almost costless. This extraordinary drug, which is effective in doses as small
as fifty or even twenty-five millionths of a gram, has the power (like peyote) to transport people into the other world. In
the majority of cases, the other world to which LSD-25 gives access is heavenly; alternatively it may by purgatorial or
even infernal. But, positive or negative, the lysergic acid experience is felt by almost everyone who undergoes it to be
profoundly significant and enlightening. In any event, the fact that minds can be changed so radically at so little cost to
the body is altogether astonishing.
As well as tranquilizing, hallucinating and stimulating, the soma of my fable had the power of heightening suggestibility,
and so should be used to reinforce the effects of governmental propaganda.
In his 1954 book, The Doors of Perception, Aldus Huxley wrote of his mescaline experience: "But the man who comes
back through the Door in the Wall will never be the same as the man who went out. He will be wiser but less cocksure,
happier but less self satisfied, humbler in acknowledging his ignorance, yet better equipped to understand the
relationship of words to things, of systematic reasoning to the unfathomable Mystery which it tries, forever vainly, to
Jim Morrison got the idea for the name of his band from The Doors of Perception.
|LSD Manufacturer Sentenced to LIFE!
By Steve Fry • The Capital-Journal (Topeka, KS) • 11/25/03
The chemist who manufactured LSD in a clandestine lab near Wamego and the man who set up, tore down and
transported the LSD lab received long prison sentences in U.S. District Court on Tuesday.
William Leonard Pickard, 58, Mill Valley, Calif., was sentenced to two concurrent life terms in prison without parole,
and Clyde Apperson, 48, Sunnyvale, Calif., was sentenced to two 30-year sentences without parole.
Pickard and Apperson were convicted March 31 on felony charges of conspiracy and possession of LSD with intent to
distribute more than 10 grams.
The sentence announcements followed a two and one-half day hearing in which the defendants challenged a federal
Drug Enforcement Administration chemist's calculations of how much LSD was seized. Federal officials said that
evidence of liquid and powder LSD, an LSD by-product and two precursors to LSD showed that it would have produced
an estimated 2.8 billion doses of LSD.
In sentencing Pickard, U.S. District Court Judge Richard Rogers said he had very little discretion in imposing two life
sentences once he learned the amount of drugs linked to the case and that Pickard had two prior drug convictions.
Evidence shows that a "considerable amount" of drug was made at a former missile silo near Ellsworth and earlier at a
site in Santa Fe, N.M.
Pickard and Apperson will appeal their convictions, their defense attorneys said Tuesday.
Apperson would be eligible to earn up to 54 days of "good time" each year, meaning he could be released after serving
about 25 years six months. The good time doesn't apply to Pickard's life sentence.
|The source for this story is unknown
|Famous People & LSD
This information was gleaned from the Internet, the comments are NOT necessarily my own.
Please email suggestions with your source and comments.
Abrams, Isaac – artist
Alpert, Richard a.k.a. Baba Ram Das – psychologist, author, guru
Anderson, Jon – lead singer of Yes, said he took LSD because Paul McCartney had but McCartney did not like
LSD, whereas Harrison & Lennon did (this schism caused disharmony among The Beatles).
Atwell, Allen – artist
Barlow, John Perry – EFF founder
Barret, Syd – (and the rest of Pink Floyd)
Belushi, John – actor
The Beatles – musicians, see Jon Anderson and John Lennon
Black Sabbath – Ozzie Osborn, musicians
Bowie, David – pop musician, who basically lived with Andy Warhol during the 60's.
Burroughs, William – Beat Poet
Bush, Pres. George H.W. – former head of the CIA. The CIA experimented extensively with LSD and many agents
took it so they would know they were not going crazy if it was given to them. Bush Sr. always appeared bright to me
whereas his sons are dopes, crooks and cheaters.
Carlin, George – counterculture comedian
Carter, Jack -- son of former President Jimmy Carter, who is considering a Senate run in Nevada, was kicked out of the
Navy for using marijuana and LSD.
Carrol, Lewis – mathematician, photographer, author: "Alice in Wonderland" – (mushrooms)
Castanada, Carlos – anthropologist (hallucinogens)
Coburn, James – actor
Coleman, Ornette – He spoke very fondly about his LSD experiences
Coltrane, John – Jazz musician. To discern the inner spiritual beauty of late John Coltrane requires the ear
of faith - or perhaps some LSD, which the saxophonist was taking regularly by that time. Effectively, at that
point jazz had ceased to be a popular musical form, and became a cult. Coltrane wasn't just a hard act to follow; he was
Corman, Roger – movie director
Crick, Francis -- Nobel Prize winner for structure of DNA, "Crick was high on LSD when he discovered the secret of
life," The Daily Mail (London), 8/8/2004.
Crowley, Aleister – magician, author: "Magick Without Tears", "Moonchild", "The Book of Thoth", "Diary of a Drug
Fiend", "Theory of Magick"
Davis, Miles – ??? listen to Bitches Brew, On the Corner and LIVE EVIL
Ellis, Dock – baseball player. He mentions the incident in his autobiography. From an interview I saw on TV, he said he
wasn't in the rotation that day, so he dropped thinking he wouldn't be pitching. For some reason he got called to the
mound, didn't think it would be a good idea to confess to having dropped acid, and pitched the game. I don't remember
whether he was the winning pitcher, and I recall that someone else mentioned he gave up quite a few walks, too. In the
interview he said it was a pretty strange experience.
Ellis, Havelock – physician, author: "Psychology of Sex", essay: "Mezcal: A New Artificial Paradise" – (peyote)
Eminem – Rap artist
Fisher, Carrie (a.k.a. Princess Leia) – She got to a point where she even checked herself in to Betty Ford because
she claimed she was addicted to LSD (obviously psychologically.) I recall from interviews I've seen with Carrie that there
was more involved in her addiction than LSD, I think that Percodan might have been the other drug she did a lot, I could
be wrong though. I do remember it was a very addictive drug, I think it was an opiate, and I'm sure she probably quite a
bit of cocaine as well. Carrie is a good writer, "Post Cards From The Edge" is really a good novel, better than the movie
in my opinion.
Fonda, Peter – actor appeared with Dennis Hopper: "They were passing cocaine around at meetings and I just didn't
want it. When I was doing Fallen Angels, Peter Fonda was talking about LSD and said, 'Come on, Nancy, you should try
it, it's great - I just woke up on the shelf of the linen closet.' " – Nancy Sinatra
Foucault, Michel -- Lords over the fields of history, literary theory, queer theory, medicine, philosophy and sociology,
and his ideas have permeated society in general. His best-known theses, that the concept of "truth" is relative, that
"madness" is a cultural creation and that "history" is mere storytelling, are now familiar fare at enlightened dinner parties
(and those contemptuous inverted commas are mandatory).
Friedland, Robert – billionaire mining entrepreneur not only is planning on developing a major copper and gold
project there through his company Ivanhoe Mines Ltd, but he helped bail out Mongolia from its $11.4 billion debt to
Russia. Friedland, best known for the discovery by one of his companies of the massive Voisey's Bay nickel deposit in
Canada in the early 1990s, said he expects by the end of the year a full feasibility study for the open-pit portion of the
project, from which banks assess whether it is worth financing.
About to turn 54, the Woodstock-generation Friedland is a colorful character in an industry with its fair share of
mavericks, loners and eccentrics. As a teenager he was arrested on charges of selling LSD to an undercover cop, and
in the 1970s he embarked on a tree farm business in Oregon with Apple Computer founder Steve Jobs.
Garcia, Jerry – musician (Grateful Dead), philosopher.
Gates, Bill – reported to have used it a few times in college (see Playboy interview herein)
Grateful Dead – their sound guy was manufacturing most of the stuff in San Fran in the 60's (Owsley also supplied.)
Grey, Alan – who won an award for the album cover of the String Cheese Incident's "Untying the Not", said, "I'd like to
thank God and LSD and all the psychedelics for the beautiful visions of our infinite being.
Grey, Spaulding – actor, "Swimming to Cambodia." (Pol Pot, who believed in eliminating money was slandered by
devils. (See Pol Pot quotation and reference on my website.)
Groff, Stanislav – Psychedelic psychiatrist, Author of LSD Psychotherepy.
Hagman, Larry – actor JR Ewing "Dallas", Captain Nelson "I Dream of Jeanie" porn star Jenna Jameson (see below) did
a parody, "I Dream of Jenna" • Hagman revealed he'd rather die than have a liver transplant: part of his liver was
removed last year after bacteria attacked his organs. The 72-year-old said: "I was on my back for a month. My muscles
atrophied. I didn't have any strength. They said if I did need one (a liver), then they would put me on the (transplant) list.
I said, 'Don't bother. I'm 72-years-old and I don't want to deprive somebody of a new liver just because I'm greedy.' "I
feel fine now. I am not afraid of death. I took LSD 40 years ago and had ego death. That took the fear of death away."
Heffner, Hugh – Playboy (I'm just guessing.)
Hendrix, Jimi – musician, singer, legendary guitar player. Hendrix had everything – he had the vision, the mentality
and the will. What he didn’t have was the self-discipline. His problem was, he didn’t have the right person, the right
woman, to say: “Put this aside,” or “What do you see yourself doing 20 years from now?” [I don’t think Hendrix liked
women, his songs were mean.] He was in Berkeley and I saw him, and I could see he needed something he wasn’t
getting. Sometimes you need to step back from a circle of friends and habits – as Coltrane and Miles did – into a period
of just crystallising you existence. Otherwise, you become a performing monkey: everyone gives you more cocaine and
says you play like god, but one night you play a genius and then the next night you suck. It’s like Coltrane or Wayne
Shorter or Herbie Hancock. Few musicians take the time to crystalise their existence. Hendrix took LSD, like I did, but he
never realised what I did: that this is what you do but it’s not what you are. – Carlos Santana
Hofmann, Albert – chemist, discovered LSD and became a proponent LSD. Shulgin asked Hofmann what he thought
of MDMA (Ecstasy). He replied, "Finally something I can do with my wife." Hofmann wanted to market LSD in small doses
as an antidepressant. Link to Hofmann website here.
Hopper, Dennis – actor appeared with Peter Fonda
Huxley, Aldous – author: "Brave New World", "Island", "Doors of Perception", Died day CIA Killed JFK. On his deathbed
he took 100 micrograms of LSD.
James, William – physician, philosopher (Peyote)
Jameson, Jenna – porn star, her brother said they liked to trip in the casinos of Las Vegas
Jolie, Angelina -- Actress, he's done Cocaine, E, LSD and heroin.
Jobs, Steve – co-creator of the Apple computer, the NeXt computer and former head of Apple Computers, Inc.. Jobs
was interviewed in "Time" Magazine (their "Year of the Computer" issue) about how (prior to starting Apple) he had
taken LSD and "heard a wheat field singing Bach to him" or a similar positive reference. Said, "LSD was one of the three
most significant events in my life." (What the Dormouse Said: How the 60's Counterculture Shaped the Personal
Computer Industry", John Markoff, 2005)
Kapor, Vince – the inventor of Lotus 123. Of course, he has turned into one of those "... but I didn't really *like* taking
drugs <whine> ..." maggots of late.
Kesey, Ken – author: "One Flew Over the Coo-Coo's Nest", "Once a Great Notion", sold blotter-paper art
Kid Rock – musician
Kilmister, Lemmy -- MOTORHEAD wildman credits LSD with making him a more caring person.
The ACE OF SPADES singer claims his experiences while under the influence of acid opened his eyes to the
importance of treating everybody with respect. The 58-year-old says, "It's the only drug that really does that. It made me
more aware and helped me realise what other people are about.
King, Steven – has alluded a number of times (in his non-fiction writing such as 'Danse Macabre') to having taken
LSD, though I'm not sure he actually comes right out and says it. I would think he might be willing to make a public
statement, given the opinion of the government he's expressed in novels like 'Firestarter' and 'The Stand'.
Kubrick, Stanley – filmmaker
Leary, Timothy – psychologist, father of Transactional Analysis, software author: "Mindwheel". (See more of Leary's
quotations herein). Nixon considered Leary the "most dangerous man in America." See more on Nixon's involvement in
the coup d'etat in Dallas: CIA Killed JFK. Actress Uma Thurman's mother, Nena was once married to Leary. They
divorced after only one year. Nena then married a devoted Buddhist named Robert Thurman.
Leich, Donovan – musician
Lennon, John – (Beatle), revolutionary, likened unto Christ: "Instant Karma" "Imagine there's no country, nothing to kill
and die for." Lennon was murdered by a hypnorogrammed assassin, see, Who Killed John Lennon?, Fenton Bresler,
1989. (Sirhan Sirahn, the alleged assassin of Robert F. Kennedy was also hypnoprogrammed, see evidence here.)
Lilly, Dr. John Cunningham – physician, scientist (electronics, dolphin communication, sensory deprivation),
philosopher, author: "Mind of the Dolphin", "Center of the Cyclone, "Programming and Metaprogramming in the Human
Bio-Computer." The movie "Altered States" was based on Dr. Lilly's experiments.
Love, Courtny -- musician. "Because I was given acid at four, I think my mind was freed. My father was this shyster who
would get money from the government to make LSD, and bad LSD." Love claims her father may be responsible for an
especially toxic batch of acid that made its way to California's Altamont Music Festival in 1969, believed to be behind the
deaths of four revellers. She explains, "Allegedly the brown acid at Altamont was his. He can't go to Marin County (near
San Francisco), because (he has) a hit out on him."
Manson, Marilyn – musician
Mitchell, Wier – physician, author: "Injuries of the Nerves and their Consequences" – (Peyote)
Moore, Marcia – Sheraton Hotel heiress, author: "Hypersentience", "Journeys into the Bright World"
Morrison, Jim – lead singer for The Doors realized the absurdity of MONEY and wearing clothes. See more about
Mothers of Invention – musicians
Mullis, Dr. Kary – Nobel Prize winning DNA expert, and surfer. Mullis received a 1993 Nobel Prize for single-handedly
inventing the PCR reaction, one of the most important advances in molecular biology ever made. When asked by a
reporter what his hobbies were, he replied that they were surfing, chasing young women, and using hallucinogenic
drugs. (Hopefully not all at the same time.) He said this prior to receiving his prize, and was told by a friend on the
nominating committee that he had been up for consideration but would not receive the prize until he cooled it with the
LSD talk. He did cool it, and the next year got the prize. I got this from an excerpt from his book "Dancing Through the
Mind Field", which was on the Internet a couple of years ago.
Nicholson, Jack – actor
Nin, Anais – writer, liberated woman
Nolte, Nick -- Actor: In the early Sixties, when Leary and Alpert were sending LSD around, a professor of photography
that I was working with had received a letter from them with instructions on how to take it. You had to let go and realise
they were all hallucinations. That way you're fine. So we would go out to the desert, take the LSD and lay down in
sleeping bags for eight hours. Ken Kesey said you could walk around on it, but taking acid and going to a concert
became a nightmare. (LSD & MDMA are the best drugs to take at a concert where there's plenty of room to dance. --
Osmond, Humphry – Psychiatrist, coined word, "psychedelic", gave Huxley mescaline, experimented with LSD to cure
alcoholism, see below
Santana, Carlos – musician, see Hendrix, above.
Shulgin, Alexander – PsychoPharmacologist/Chemist, author of PIHKAL: A Chemical Love Story and TIHKAL: The
Continuation. The titles are acronyms: "Phenethylamines/Tryptamines I Have Known & Loved". These volumes chronicle
the author's psychedelic experiments and includes recipies for future pioneers. Shulgin received a plaque from the
Department of Justice for his "significant personal efforts to help eliminate drug abuse." His wife, Ann says that he never
planned to make money from his inventions. He didn't mind helping the government put amphetamine or cocaine
dealers in jail. Those drugs were "false in some way," he says. "The sense of power they give is not real." They were
only marginally better than marijuana — in his opinion "a complete waste of time." [Yes, I prefer LSD to pot but . . .] On a
neurochemical level psychedelics release the same mood modifiers — such as serotonin, dopamine and
norepinephrine —as many antidepressants. Shulgin is no longer calling his compounds psychedelics. His latest
molecules are better described as antidepressants, he says. See 10-page article about Shulgin in Playboy, March 2004.
Sklar-Weinstein, Arlene – artist
Smith, Adam – you know, the guy who hosts the TV show "Adam Smith's money world" on public television. In one of
his earlier books, "Powers of Mind," he mentions his experiences with LSD in the context of controlled, scientific
experimentation and a bunch of other cool stuff, like the time he spent in the Arica program, going to Esalen, and time
he met Carlos Castenada.
Smith, Huston – pioneering religious scholar
Stone, Oliver – (director of "Platoon", "JFK", and much more) said on "Later with Bob Costas" he took a lot of acid
after returning from Vietnam. See "CIA Killed JFK" on my website.
Stravinsky – Composer (LSD ??)
Ram Daas – psychologist, author, guru
Rather, Dan – (source: Ladies Home Journal. July 1980.) Rather acts like a zombi now.
The Rolling Stones – (rock-and-roll) Listen to Their Satanic Majesties’ Request
Warhol, Andy – artist (I liked "Factory" workers, Candy Darling & Mora Moynihan)
Watts, Allen – Zen philosopher, master’s degree in religion, doctorate in divinity, author: "The Joyous Cosmology",
"Zen Sticks, Zen Bones", "The Taboo against Knowing Who You Are", "The Wisdom of Insecurity".
Wiel, Andrew – physician, psychopharmacologist, anthropologist, fire-walker, alternative health expert, author: "The
Natural Mind", "Spontaneous Healing", "8 Weeks to Optimum Health" marijuana, peyote, yage (S. American
hallucinogen) Lives is Tucson AZ too. He writes that LSD is pharmocologicly safe but not for unstable minds, i.e., you
won't die from an overdose unless you do something stupid.
Wilson, Brian – The Beach Boys
Wozniak, Steve – Apple Computer co-founder
|LSD & The Passion Of Christ
|"Bad trips" on LSD result from the eleven-hour forced introspection that the drug creates. Most cannot stand to
look that closely at themselves, certainly not for that long. That's why Leary and company were getting complete
cures of psychotics after five or six guided LSD trips, of course, before the government stepped in and outlawed
the drug. Well, this movie ["The Passion of Christ," by Mel Gibson] is like being on acid for two straight hours,
only the subject isn't yourself, it is Jesus Christ. -- Edgar J. Steele
The Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, on the grounds of the state’s Spring Grove Hospital near Baltimore, is better
known in certain scientific circles as Spring Groove. The mellow-yellow building, custom designed in 1969 for LSD
research, is set among dark Victorian asylum structures with barred windows, a symbol of the bright hopes of the dawn of
psychopharmacology. Behind its plane brick walls, in special suites with kitchens and bathrooms that allowed for lengthy
therapeutic “trips,” researchers tried to harness LSD to explore the workings of the brain and transform the treatment of
mental illness. These days Spring Groove houses schizophrenia research but no LSD.
The scientists who had been so sure that the most potent hallucinogen ever known would quickly prove its therapeutic
utility found they had a tiger by the tail. Some zealously promoted the drug as a psychiatric cure-all – “God in a pill.”
Others, alarmed by some scientific misuse and massive public abuse, insisted that LSD was dangerous and scientifically
worthless. A third group of neuroscientists quietly stated that LSD was a fascinating if unruly research tool that required a
lot more study. These moderate voices were drowned out by the outcry against the burgeoning drug-abuse epidemic of
the early ‘70s. The government successfully stopped human experimentation with hallucinogens in the lab – though not
in the street. By the mid ‘70s, LSD seemed destined to go down in history not as a psychiatric wonder drug but as the
love philter of Woodstock and the Grateful Dead.
Some researchers and drug-abuse agency officials maintain that enough is known about hallucinogens to keep them out
of the lab as well as off the streets. “Researchers had high hopes for LSD as a magic short cut to psychological insight,”
says Dr. Jerome Jaffe, associate director for treatment policy at the Federal Office of Treatment Improvement.
“Unfortunately, its therapeutic benefits were outweighed by serious long lasting problems, such as schizophrenia-like
syndromes and depression. At the end of the road, LSD research showed us that the drug causes such serious
problems that it has no promise as a therapeutic agent.” LSD, like marijuana and heroin, is a schedule 1 drug; no human
research can be done without official government approval.
Yet other scientists say that human research with hallucinogens, still severely limited, could be productive and will
probably return as more and more sophisticated compounds, both legal and illegal, appear. "I think it’s likely that careful,
systematic research in humans will be sanctioned in the next decade," says Dr. Daniel X. Freedman, professor of
psychiatry and pharmacology at UCLA. During 30 years of research at prestigious institutions, including the National
Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Yale and the University of Chicago, he has employed LSD to study brain function, the
mechanics of perception and the fine neurochemical line between sanity and madness.
Such research, Freeman says, could provide unique insights. “Is LSD a pathway to understanding the brain and
behavior? It sure as hell is,” he says. “Did we have that pathway before? We sure as hell didn’t.” Although scientists have
learned quite a bit about how LSD affects neurons, they still have only an underground knowledge of its effects on
people, according to Freedman. “LSD reduces the constancy’s in the way subjects deal with drab reality, and so creates
the opportunity to consider new, more adaptive approaches to life and to rearrange values and attitudes. That’s the point
of psychotherapy, to offer the patient the means of new learning, and it’s possible that drugs could help. That’s what
should be explored scientifically – not whether such a drug is good or bad.”
The idea of employing LSD to attack problems such as neurosis and addiction was a response to a problem plainly
evident by the ‘60s: A great many people need psychotherapy, but therapy is lengthy, costly and often ineffective. An
adult finds it hard to change because character structure is established very early, at a deep emotional level that’s hard
to access later. LSD was regarded as a chemical means to produce the fresh, baby-like perception that is necessary to
inaugurate new approaches and habits.
“LSD makes a person very suggestible, and that’s the royal road to wisdom,” says Dr. Timothy Leary, a former Harvard
professor and personality expert who’s now a software designer in Los Angeles. Before his "High Priest" phase, in a
project conducted with the Massachusetts department of corrections, Leary used psilocybin, an LSD-like drug, to provide
prisoners with a powerful "born again" catalyst for behavioral change that would reduce their 70% rate of recidivism.
Before long, Boston criminals were indeed talking about love and oneness but the promising research was cut short by
Leary's own transformation from scientist to guru.
Before Leary became guru, he co-authored a report showing that psychotherapy was a hoax: those receiving
psychotherapy were no better off than those who didn’t, one-third improved, one-third remained the same and one-third
“Using LSD to produce vulnerability is okay only if the set and setting for the experience are benign,” Leary adds. A
malignant example: From the ‘50s to early ‘70s, the CIA tested the drug’s brainwashing utility in 149 projects at
universities, hospitals and prisons; in 39 of them, LSD was often given without the recipients’ knowledge or consent. [In
fact, every spook in the CIA, including President Bush has taken LSD.] Leary was far from alone in hoping that LSD could
help fight addiction. William James, the father of modern American psychology, said the best cure for dipsomania is
religomania and the nondenominational peak experience produced by LSD seemed to many researchers to have great
potential for treating drug and alcohol problems.
Dr. Herbert Kleber, now the federal government’s deputy drug czar, did research on LSD early in his career; he says the
manufacturer pulled the drug from the market before he could finish. “After spending another 20 years on addiction,” he
says, “it’s clear to me that religious-type experience can be very helpful in treatment – after all, that’s the basis of AA.
There are two problems with using LSD this way. The instant mysticism associated with LSD isn’t effective in the long run
and when you try to assess why such an experience helps in concrete terms – a basic requirement in science – it’s very
difficult. Some people were helped by LSD therapy short-term, some weren’t – It’s like many drug treatments.”
It’s especially like psychotherapy. as Freedman says of both LSD and talk treatment, “Do they produce an experience?
Yes. Are they effective? Maybe.” He thinks it’s pointless to subject the same criteria the FDA uses to evaluate medicines
such as antipsychotics and antidepressants, drugs that relieve symptoms of psychiatric diseases in predictable,
measurable ways. “The search for self-knowledge and mastery is a different thing from relieving symptoms,” says
Freedman. “A different category and mode of regulation should be established for agents that enhance insight and
At this point, many researchers interested in hallucinogens are unable to study the drugs’ pharmacological effects
because of politics and red tape. Dr. David Nichols, a professor of medicinal chemistry at Purdue, says, “LSD was the
new technology for psychiatry, and it remains untapped. As with many drugs, including penicillin, second and third-
generation drugs, could have improved efficacy. That the research was stopped – and not the abuse – is tragic because
LSD belongs in a medical setting, not the back seat of a car.”LSD’s oh-wow effects on perception were stumbled upon
accidentally by Albert Hofmann, a distinguished pharmacologist at the venerable Swiss drug company Sandoz. One day
in 1943, he ingested 250-millionths of a gram of Lysergic acid diethylamide-25 – a compound he was researching for use
as a respiratory stimulant – and had an extraordinary bicycle ride home. As Levine says, “When such a minute amount of
an agent – LSD is measured in millionths of a gram – produces such a powerful experience, you assume it must be
Scientists initially hoped LSD might be especially good for unraveling the mystery of schizophrenia. They first associated
the drugs effects with the illnesses symptoms, then found LSD’s molecular structure resembles that of serotonin, a brain
chemical that helps regulate stimuli to the brain and responds from it. Researchers speculated that schizophrenia might
be caused by a neurochemical malfunction – perhaps too little or too much serotonin – that somehow produced chronic
Although in the long run LSD neither cured or even accurately mimicked schizophrenia, the studies strengthened the
ides that a chemical mechanism could underlie that disease, says Freedman.[Drs. Humphry Osmond and John Smythies
published an essay in 1951 called A New Approach to Schizophrenia, they theorized that anxiety caused the release of a
hallucinogenic adrenaline (the molecular structures of mescaline and adrenaline are similar) leading to more stress and
deeper levels of psychosis and withdrawal from “reality.” They also stimulated research chemists to sythensize
adrenochrone, a synthetic decomposition of adrenaline that mimics psychosis. Osmond and Smythies later became very
enthusiastic about LSD.]
[Bruce A. Friedemann believes that persons born breech may act schizophrenic because of different levels of blood in
the brain. In the womb, the blood flows to the head in a “normal” birth (96% of the time) whereas, the blood in a person
born breech goes to the heart. Breech Birth & Personality]
The effort to illuminate the serotonin system, in which LSD plays a unique role, is one of the hottest and potentially most
lucrative areas of pharmacology. [The amino-acid tryptophane was banned from over-the-counter sale because it
inexpensively effected serotonin without a Dr’s paternalistic prescription for expensive, dangerous tranquilizers and
sleeping pills.] New classes of diet and sleeping pills, tranquilizers and antidepressants aren’t the only possible by-
products, says Jacobs: “If the times were such that people felt mood-altering drugs other than alcohol were okay,
chemists could supply specific compounds with few side effects to make them insightful, mellow or whatever.”
“When we talk about the “psychedelic experience,” all we’re really talking about is the functioning of equipment in the
brain that permits consciousness of any kind.” says Freedman. “You can only have the LSD trip that’s already in your
head – it’s a physiological event. Rather than adding something foreign to the brain, LSD releases some of the brain’s
normally suppressed latent capacities, rearranges what’s there, increases sensitivity to stimuli usually ignored and turns
up the volume. The breaks are off and certain neurological systems function hypermaximally.”
When asked how a person who has never taken a hallucinogen can imagine what it’s like, scientists often bring up
babies. According to Jacobs, a baby probably couldn’t distinguish between such a drug-induced state and normal
The LSD experience is full of striking variations on what’s expected. The drug heightens the emotions and senses to
unprecedented intensities. Vision is the prime example: colors brighten, details sharpen and the empty space around
objects throbs with a life of its own.
In contrast to most heavily abused drugs, LSD doesn’t invite compulsive use. In fact, if it’s taken three or more days in a
row, it stops producing its effects. Moreover, the intensity and cerebral nature of those effects are grueling even when
gorgeous. As one researcher puts it, ‘Taking LSD is like being grabbed by the collar and thrown into a psychic wall for
eight hours.’ Not surprisingly, surveys of volunteers for legal LSD experiments showed that the well balanced [or
ignorantly blissful] found the drug interesting but only wanted to try it once, twice or three times. [LSD is Sacrament.]